Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood

Stephen R DanielsCommittee on Nutrition


This clinical report replaces the 1998 policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics on cholesterol in childhood, which has been retired. This report has taken on new urgency given the current epidemic of childhood obesity with the subsequent increasing risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease in older children and adults. The approach to screening children and adolescents with a fasting lipid profile remains a targeted approach. Overweight children belong to a special risk category of children and are in need of cholesterol screening regardless of family history or other risk factors. This report reemphasizes the need for prevention of cardiovascular disease by following Dietary Guidelines for Americans and increasing physical activity and also includes a review of the pharmacologic agents and indications for treating dyslipidemia in children.


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Nov 7, 2013·Circulation Research·D Meeike KustersBarbara A Hutten
Apr 20, 2011·Circulation·Michael MillerCouncil on the Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease
Nov 6, 2013·Circulation·Brian W McCrindleRae-Ellen W Kavey
Nov 15, 2013·Circulation·Therese M GigliaAmerican Heart Association Congenital Heart Defects Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council
Aug 16, 2012·Hypertension·Joseph FlynnVictor Shi
Feb 8, 2018·European Journal of Pediatrics·Julia DratvaNicole Probst-Hensch
Oct 13, 2018·Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology·Harshitha HithaAmrit Mirajkar
Nov 27, 2018·Public Health Nutrition·Zachary J MadewellSheila Gahagan
Dec 25, 2018·Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology·Connie B NewmanAmerican Heart Association Clinical Lipidology, Lipoprotein, Metabolism and Thrombosis Committee, a Joint Committee of the C
Feb 17, 2018·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Nitika SetiaIshwar C Verma
Feb 19, 2019·American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics·Shanlee M Davis, M E Geffner
May 6, 2010·CNS Drugs·Jonathan C PfeiferMelissa P DelBello
Mar 14, 2019·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Mehri KhoshhaliRoya Kelishadi
Jan 8, 2009·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·Kathleen M Hoeger
Nov 20, 2009·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Camila CorvalánReynaldo Martorell
Mar 10, 2010·Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy·D Meeike KustersBarbara A Hutten
Oct 5, 2010·International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·John J ReillyAndrea Sherriff
Oct 16, 2012·Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research·Sharon Bout-TabakuLaura C Schmitt
Jan 25, 2019·Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology·Elena Soto-VegaMaría J Muñoz-Pérez
Jun 21, 2019·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Ashkan HabibAsadollah Habib
Mar 13, 2014·Advances in Nutrition·Jennifer ArtsIngrid E Lofgren
Jan 24, 2014·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Kim F Michaelsen, Frank R Greer
Jul 26, 2019·The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing·Melissa Spezia FaulknerMatthew J Hayat
Aug 9, 2017·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Christiaan F MooijHedi L Claahsen-van der Grinten
Aug 6, 2017·Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases·Talita Lemos PaulinoRoseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
Nov 8, 2019·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Alpo VuorioUma Ramaswami
Dec 14, 2019·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·María Lola Evia-Viscarra, Rodolfo Guardado-Mendoza
Jan 1, 2015·Journal of the International AIDS Society·Mary-Ann DaviesMarlène Bras
Dec 8, 2015·Journal of the International AIDS Society·Rachel C VreemanWinstone M Nyandiko
Apr 30, 2020·The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity·Harunya SivanesanTARGet Kids! Collaboration
Dec 22, 2019·Diabetes Care·American Diabetes Association
Apr 15, 2020·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Sana MahtabJ Jao
Mar 25, 2011·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Gilly A Hendrie, Rebecca K Golley
May 27, 2014·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Christy FosterKenneth McCormick
Dec 16, 2016·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Toshihide KuboKenji Urayama
Dec 20, 2016·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Selin ElmaogullariNihal Hatipoglu
Dec 21, 2016·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Tuba BulutAyşe Metin
Aug 26, 2014·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Luis Paulo Gomes MascarenhasMargaret C S Boguszewski
Mar 18, 2015·Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM·Irine-Ikbale SakouArtemis Tsitsika
Sep 20, 2008·The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists·Mark R GoldsteinFrancesca Pezzetta
Jul 14, 2009·British Journal of Nursing : BJN·Harry Chummun
Mar 2, 2010·Paediatrics & Child Health·Tracey Bridger
Apr 7, 2011·Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia·Cristiane B BarraDurval Damiani
Jan 29, 2013·European Journal of Epidemiology·Satu MiettolaAnneli Pouta
Jul 12, 2014·Ciência & saúde coletiva·Renata Moraes BielemannDenise Petrucci Gigante
Jun 3, 2018·Irish Journal of Medical Science·Karen KingClodagh S O'Gorman
Dec 19, 2018·Diabetes Care·American Diabetes Association
Jul 29, 2017·International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism·Mehri MoghadasiMohammad Esmaeil Motlagh
Jul 10, 2020·British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·Sanne Maartje KloosterboerBirgit C P Koch
Sep 16, 2015·Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis·Atsushi Nohara
Mar 24, 2018·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Priscila Kurz de AssumpçãoMárcio Vinícius Fagundes Donadio
Sep 1, 2008·Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism·Lorenzo IughettiFiorella Balli
Feb 21, 2019·American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine·James M Rippe
Mar 25, 2019·Journal of Dairy Science·Katherine SwansonMassimo Bionaz
Apr 24, 2012·Endocrine Practice : Official Journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists·Paul S JellingerAACE Task Force for Management of Dyslipidemia and Prevention of Atherosclerosis
Mar 25, 2017·The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics : JPPT : the Official Journal of PPAG·Kelly L MatsonAdvocacy Committee for the Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group
Jul 29, 2017·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Nicholas LarkinsJonathan Craig
Jun 30, 2019·American Journal of Human Biology : the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council·Huijing HeGuangliang Shan
Mar 18, 2020·Lipids in Health and Disease·Michał BrzezińskiAgnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz
Feb 23, 2011·Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia·Hilton KupermanDurval Damiani
Jul 14, 2012·Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia·Claudia Duarte SantosLuiz de Lacerda Filho
Aug 3, 2017·Archives of Disease in Childhood·Russell M VinerSonia Saxena
Jul 8, 2017·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Alpo VuorioUma Ramaswami
Dec 1, 2017·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·C PadmapriyadarsiniSoumya Swaminathan
Sep 20, 2017·International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·D SunL Qi
Feb 7, 2019·Pediatric Research·Haibo LiChina Child and Adolescent Cardiovascular Health (CCACH) Collaboration Group
Aug 26, 2017·Nutrition Reviews·Mark MessinaDan Waitzberg
Oct 6, 2020·Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy·Filipe FerrariRaul D Santos
Nov 11, 2020·Pediatric Dermatology·Andrea L ZaengleinPeDRA Use of Retinoids in Ichthyosis Work Group
Feb 11, 2009·The Medical Journal of Australia·Julian G AyerGary F Sholler
Sep 3, 2009·The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics : a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics·Rebecca Dresser, Joel Frader
Apr 25, 2017·Endocrine Practice : Official Journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists·Paul S JellingerMichael Davidson
Nov 25, 2020·American Heart Journal·Justin H BergerJulie A Brothers
Dec 15, 2020·Health Promotion Perspectives·Bahareh VardRoya Kelishadi
Oct 8, 2020·Public Health Nutrition·Adriana Cândida da SilvaLuana Caroline Dos Santos
Nov 24, 2020·Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD·Yue-Yuan LiaoJian-Jun Mu
Dec 11, 2020·Diabetes Care·American Diabetes Association
Jan 19, 2021·Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics·Scott Leopold, Justin P Zachariah
Jan 23, 2021·Journal of Clinical Lipidology·Chrysoula KosmeriEkaterini Siomou
Feb 10, 2021·Archives of Medical Research·Miguel A Villasís-KeeverLuis Antonio Arenas-Aguayo
Mar 7, 2021·Italian Journal of Pediatrics·Maria Elena CapraGiacomo Biasucci
Dec 13, 2017·Pediatric Neurology·Sally SultanIPSS Investigators
Feb 1, 2014·The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association·Thomas B Repas, J Ross Tanner
Apr 9, 2021·Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health·Jeffrey YeungShubha Srinivasan

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