Oct 24, 2018

Lipid unsaturation properties govern the sensitivity of membranes to photo-induced oxidative stress

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Aurélien BourStéphanie Bonneau

Abstract

Unsaturated lipid oxidation is a fundamental process involved in different aspects of cellular bioenergetics; dysregulation of lipid oxidation is often associated with cell aging and death. In order to study how lipid oxidation affects membrane biophysics, we used a chlorin photosensitizer to oxidize vesicles of various lipid compositions and degree of unsaturation in a controlled manner. We observed different shape transitions that can be interpreted as an increase in the area of the targeted membrane followed by a decrease. These area modifications induced by the chemical modification of the membrane upon oxidation, were followed in situ by Raman Tweezers Microspectroscopy (RTM). We found that the membrane area increase corresponds to the lipids peroxidation and is initiated by the delocalization of the targeted double bonds in the tails of the lipids. The subsequent decrease of membrane area can be explained by the formation of cleaved secondary products. As a result of these area changes, we observe vesicle permeabilization after a time lag that is characterized in relation with the level of unsaturation. The evolution of photosensitized vesicle radius was measured and yields an estimation of the mechanical changes of the m...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cell Aging
Tissue Membrane
Membrane
Cleaved
Dermatitis, Phototoxic
Cessation of Life
Oxidative Stress
Oxidative Stress Analysis
Oxidation
Vesicle

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