Apr 13, 2011

Lipids in photosystem II: multifunctional cofactors

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Jan Kern, Albert Guskov


To maintain its functionality, photosystem II (PSII) employs several types of auxiliary molecules (cofactors). As shown for PSII from Thermosynechococcus elongatus, lipids previously thought to play mostly the role of a hydrophobic matrix for embedding the membrane proteins, must be considered as a new, multifunctional type of cofactors, playing a vital role in the fine tuning of PSII and in its overall operation. The 2.9 Å resolution crystal structure of cyanobacterial homodimeric PSII showed the position of 25 lipid molecules per monomer, and allowed detailed analysis of individual binding sites as well as functional aspects related to lipids. The positions of the bound lipids suggest that they are essential for the assembly and disassembly of PSII, provide the proper environment for plastoquinone exchange, might tune electron transfer through contacts with chlorophylls and carotenoids, and might serve as an oxygen-outlet system from the lumen.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Crystal - Body Material
Phosphatidyl glycerol
Carotene Measurement

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.