PMID: 37280May 1, 1979

Lipoprotein lipase and acid lipase activity in rabbit brain microvessels

Journal of Lipid Research
P Brecher, H T Kuan

Abstract

A preparation of cerebral microvessels was used to demonstrate the presence of lipoprotein lipase and acid lipase activity in the microvasculature of rabbit brain. Microvessels, consisting predominantly of capillaries, small arterioles, and venules, were islated from rabbit brain. Homogenates were assayed for lipolytic activity using a glycerol-stabilized trioleoylglycerol-phospholipid emulsion as substrate. Lipoprotein lipase activity was characterized with this substrate by previously established criteria including an alkaline pH optimum, increased activity in the presence of heparin and heat-inactivated plasma, and reduced activity in the presence of NaCl and protamine sulfate. A different substrate, containing trioleoylglycerol incorporated into phospholipid vesicles, was used to reveal acid lipase activity that was not affected by heparin, plasma, NaCl, or protamine sulfate. Lipoprotein lipase did not show activity with the vesicle preparation as substrate. Intact microvessels, when incubated in the presence of heparin, release lipoprotein lipase into the incubation solution. In contrast, release of acid lipase activity from intact microvessels was not dependent on heparin. The data show the presence of both lipoprotein li...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Microvascular Network
Glycerin
Heparin
Protamine Sulfate (USP)
Hypokinesia
LPL gene
Brain
Lipoprotein Lipase Activity
Vesicle

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