Mar 15, 2020

Liquid biopsy for mutational profiling of locoregional recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Oral Oncology
Rachel GalotJean-Pascal H Machiels

Abstract

The molecular landscape of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) harbors potentially actionable genomic alterations. We aimed to study the utility of liquid biopsy to (i) characterize the mutational landscape of recurrent/metastatic HNSCC using a comprehensive gene panel and (ii) estimate the concordance between DNA mutations identified from circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and matched tumor tissues. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on cell-free DNA (cfDNA) of 39 patients with locoregional recurrent (n = 19) and/or metastatic (n = 20) HNSCC. Tumor biopsy (n = 18) was sequenced using the same technique. ctDNA was detected in 51% of patients (20/39) with a higher probability of detection in metastatic than locoregional recurrent disease (70% versus 30%, p = 0.025). 81% and 58% of the tissue tumor variants were not detected in plasma when considering all patients and only metastatic patients with detectable ctDNA, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, the likelihood of detecting the tissue tumor variant in plasma was related to metastatic status (p = 0.012), tumor variant allele frequency (p < 0.001) and ctDNA quantity (p < 0.001). 26% of the variants were detected only in liquid and not in the soli...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Head
Genes
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Cell-Free DNA
PIK3CA
Neoplasms
Landscapes
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Neck
Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Metastatic

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