PMID: 10995102Sep 20, 2000

Liquid chromatographic determination of lysine, methionine, and threonine in pure amino acids (feed grade) and premixes: collaborative study

Journal of AOAC International
J FontaineM Eudaimon


A total of 17 laboratories (including one author's laboratory) participated in a collaborative study for determination of lysine, methionine, and threonine in trade products or concentrated amino acid premixes. Thirteen samples, 4 pure amino acids and 6 premixes, including 3 Youden matched pairs, were analyzed. The applied liquid chromatographic (LC) method using cation-exchange resin and post-column derivatization with ninhydrin or o-phthaldialdehyde was shown to be accurate and specific for the analytes. Titration procedures, normally used for the assay of pure amino acids, are unspecific and the accuracy of the results can be affected by impurities. Repeatability relative standard deviations, RSDr, ranged from 0.84 to 1.17% for pure amino acids and from 0.50 to 1.68% for premixes; reproducibility relative standard deviations RSDR, ranged from 1.52 to 2.31% for pure amino acids and from 1.48 to 2.59% for premixes. Recoveries were between 97.5 and 102.8% of the expected amino acid assays. The method has been adopted Official First Action status by AOAC INTERNATIONAL.

Related Concepts

Animal Feed (Substance)
Ion-Exchange Chromatography Procedure
Reproducibility of Results

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