Jan 16, 1992

Lithium treatment of affective disorders: effects of lithium on the inositol phospholipid and cyclic AMP signalling pathways

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
D J Sillence, C P Downes

Abstract

The effects of lithium (Li+) on the adenylyl cyclase and inositol phospholipid receptor signalling pathways were compared directly in noradrenergic and carbachol stimulated rat brain cortical tissue slices. Li+ was a comparatively weak inhibitor of noradrenaline-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation with an IC50 of approx. 20 mM. By contrast, half-maximal effects of Li+ on inositol monophosphate (InsP) accumulation in [3H]inositol labelled tissue slices occurred at about 1 mM. A similar IC50 for Li+ of about 1 mM was also obtained for noradrenaline-stimulated accumulation of CMP-phosphatidate (CMPPA), a sensitive indicator of intracellular inositol depletion, in tissue slices that had been prelabelled with [3H]cytidine. The effect of myo-inositol (inositol) depletion on the prolonged activity of phosphoinositidase C (PIC) was examined in carbachol-stimulated cortical slices using a novel mass assay for InsP. Exposure to a maximal dose of carbachol for 30 min in the presence of 5 mM Li+ caused a 10-fold increase in the level of radioactivity associated with the InsP fraction, but only a 2-fold increase in InsP mass. During prolonged incubations in the presence of both carbachol and Li+ the accumulation of InsP mass was enhanced if ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Inositol Phosphates
Biochemical Pathway
Phosphatidylinositols
Cyclic CMP, Monosodium Salt
Carboptic
Phosphoric diester hydrolase
Protoplasm
August Rats
Lithium Measurement
Cyclic AMP

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