Dec 11, 2019

lncRNA-ZFAS1 induces mitochondria-mediated apoptosis by causing cytosolic Ca2+ overload in myocardial infarction mice model

Cell Death & Disease
Lei JiaoYing Zhang


Previously, we have identified ZFAS1 as a potential new long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) biomarker of acute myocardial infarction (MI) and as a sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) inhibitor, causing intracellular Ca2+ overload and contractile dysfunction in a mouse model of MI. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of ZFAS1 on the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in the MI mouse model. Knockdown of endogenous ZFAS1 by virus-mediated silencing shRNA or siZFAS1 partially abrogated the ischemia-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Overexpression of ZFAS1 in normal cardiomyocytes reduced the cell viability, similar to that observed in hypoxia-treated cardiomyocytes. Moreover, ZFAS1 cardiac-specific knock-in mice showed impaired cardiac function, adversely altered Ca2+ homeostasis, repressed expression and activities of SERCA2a, and increased apoptosis. At the subcellular level, ZFAS1 induced mitochondrial swelling and showed a pronounced decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential. At the molecular level, ZFAS1 activated the mitochondria apoptosis pathway, which could be nearly abolished by a calcium chelator. The effects of ZFAS1 were readily reversible upon knockdown of this lncRNA. Notably, ZFAS1-FD (only fu...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Gene Knockdown Techniques
RNA, Untranslated
Regulation of Biological Process
Calcium ion
Mitochondrial Membranes
Myocardial Infarction

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Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis