Aug 3, 2016

Local expectation violations result in global activity gain in primary visual cortex

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Peter KokFloris P. de Lange

Abstract

During natural perception, we often form expectations about upcoming input. These expectations are usually multifaceted - we expect a particular object at a particular location. However, expectations about spatial location and stimulus features have mostly been studied in isolation, and it is unclear whether feature-based expectation can be spatially specific. Interestingly, feature-based attention automatically spreads to unattended locations. It is still an open question whether the neural mechanisms underlying feature-based expectation differ from those underlying feature-based attention. Therefore, establishing whether the effects of feature-based expectation are spatially specific may inform this debate. Here, we investigated this by inducing expectations of a specific stimulus feature at a specific location, and probing the effects on sensory processing across the visual field using fMRI. We found an enhanced sensory response for unexpected stimuli, which was elicited only when there was a violation of expectation at the specific location where participants formed a stimulus expectation. The neural consequences of this expectation violation, however, spread to cortical locations processing the stimulus in the opposite hem...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Exploration With a Probe
Spatial Distribution
Opposite
Participant
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
FMRI
Sensory Process
Location
Brodmann Area 17
Cerebral Cortex

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