Sep 1, 1977

Local nerve block anesthesia for peroral endoscopy

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
T R DeMeesterD W Benson

Abstract

Local glossopharyngeal and superior laryngeal nerve block anesthesia for peroral endoscopy was performed on 500 patients (313 bronchoscopies, 162 esophagoscopies, 25 combined bronchoesophagoscopies). The technique allows easy insertion of rigid and flexible scopes or awake tracheal intubation of conscious patients. Glossopharyngeal nerve block causes temporary abolition of the gag reflex and loss of tactile sensation over the posterior third of the tongue and the lateral and posterior wall of the oropharynx and hypopharynx. Superior laryngeal nerve block results in loss of tactile sensation over the posterior surface of the epiglottis and the mucosa of the larynx and upper trachea. Ten of the 500 patients (2%) had an inadequate glossopharyngeal block, and 4 of the 313 patients who had a bronchoscopic examination had an inadequate superior laryngeal block. In the remaining patients, excellent anesthesia was obtained with good patient acceptance and minimal morbidity.

  • References2
  • Citations10

References

  • References2
  • Citations10

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Endoscopy (Procedure)
Muscle Rigidity
Structure of Superior Laryngeal Nerve
Morbidity Aspects
Entire Glossopharyngeal Nerve
Esophagoscopy
Benign Neoplasm of Larynx
Laryngeal Nerve Injuries
Laryngeal Diseases
Trachea

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.