Sep 1, 1989

Localization of serotoninlike-immunoreactive amacrine cells in the larval tiger salamander retina

The Journal of Comparative Neurology
S Z YangC B Watt

Abstract

Light microscopic immunocytochemistry was used to study the populations of serotoninlike-immunoreactive cells in the larval tiger salamander retina. Of 1,135 serotonin-immunostained cells observed in transverse cryosections, 87% were identified as amacrine cells, whereas 13% were tentatively designated as displaced amacrine cells. The somas of the vast majority of serotonin-amacrine cells were situated in the innermost cell row of the inner nuclear layer. Only a few serotonin-immunostained amacrine cell somas were observed in the second row of cells from the inner nuclear layer. Serotonin-immunoreactive processes generally appeared as a diffuse plexus distributed evenly throughout all levels of the inner plexiform layer. As determined in whole-mount preparations, serotonin-amacrine cells were divisible into two populations on the basis of the diameters of their somas. Large cells (45%) ranged from 16 to 19 microns in diameter with the vast majority measuring 17-18 microns. Smaller and sometimes less intensely stained cells ranged from 14 to 16 microns in diameter with the large majority measuring 15 microns. The diameters of serotonin-displaced amacrine cells ranged from 19 to 22 microns with the large majority measuring 20 mic...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Immunocytochemistry
Retina
Staining and Labeling
Autoradiography
Salamanders
Hydroxytryptamine

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.