Nov 5, 2018

Locating ligand binding sites in G-protein coupled receptors using combined information from docking and sequence conservation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ashley R. VidadHo Leung Ng

Abstract

G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest protein family of drug targets. Detailed mechanisms of binding are unknown for many important GPCR-ligand pairs due to the difficulties of GPCR recombinant expression, biochemistry, and crystallography. We describe our new method, ConDock, for predicting ligand binding sites in GPCRs using combined information from surface conservation and docking starting from crystal structures or homology models. We demonstrate the effectiveness of ConDock on well-characterized GPCRs such as the β2 adrenergic and A2A adenosine receptors. We also demonstrate that ConDock successfully predicts ligand binding sites from high-quality homology models. Finally, we apply ConDock to predict ligand binding sites on a structurally uncharacterized GPCR, GPER. GPER is the G-protein coupled estrogen receptor, with four known ligands: estradiol, G1, G15, and tamoxifen. ConDock predicts that all four ligands bind to the same location on GPER, centered on L119, H307, and N310; this site is deeper in the receptor cleft than predicted by previous studies. We compare the sites predicted by ConDock and traditional methods that utilize information from surface geometry, surface conservation, and ligand chemical...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Guanosine
Study
Receptors, Purinergic P1
Protein Family
Estrogen receptor alpha, human
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Estradiol Measurement
Homology Modeling
GPBAR1 gene
Docking -molecular Interaction

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