Apr 1, 2020

locStra: Fast analysis of regional/global stratification in whole genome sequencing (WGS) studies

bioRxiv
Georg HahnChristoph Lange

Abstract

locStra is an R-package for the analysis of regional and global population stratification in whole genome sequencing studies, where regional stratification refers to the substructure defined by the loci in a particular region on the genome. Population substructure can be assessed based on the genetic covariance matrix, the genomic relationship matrix, and the unweighted/weighted genetic Jaccard similarity matrix. Using a sliding window approach, the regional similarity matrices are compared to the global ones, based on user-defined window sizes and metrics, e.g. the correlation between regional and global eigenvectors. An algorithm for the specification of the window size is provided. As the implementation fully exploits sparse matrix algebra and is written in C++, the analysis is highly efficient. Even on single cores, for realistic study sizes (several thousand subjects, several million RVs per subject), the runtime for the genome-wide computation of all regional similarity matrices does typically not exceed one hour, enabling an unprecedented investigation of regional stratification across the entire genome. The package is applied to three WGS studies, illustrating the varying patterns of regional substructure across the gen...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Software Tools
Extracellular Matrix
Stratification
Patient Visit
Analysis
Size
Whole Genome Sequencing
Patterns
Genome
Locus

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