Jan 1, 1982

Long-acting and short-acting diuretics in mild essential hypertension

Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. Part A, Theory and Practice
L M WingJ P Chalmers


A randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover study was conducted in 14 patients with mild essential hypertension comparing different regimens of administration of the "short-acting" diuretic, chlorothiazide and the "long-acting" diuretic, chlorthalidone. There were 6 randomised treatment phases each of 5 weeks duration. For blood pressure recorded both at the Clinic and at home the most prominent effects were seen with standing blood pressure, for which significant reductions of mean blood pressure compared to the placebo phase were observed with chlorthalidone 25 mg once daily (-5 +/- 1 (SE) mm Hg - p less than 0.05), chlorthalidone 50 mg once daily (-7 +/- 1 mm Hg - p less than 0.01) and chlorothiazide 500 mg twice daily (-4 +/- 1 mm Hg - p less than 0.05). Blood pressure reductions with chlorothiazide 500 mg once daily and 1000 mg once daily were not significant. About half of the patients completing the trial could be described as "non-responders". The observed biochemical changes (reduced plasma potassium and chloride concentrations and increased plasma bicarbonate and urate concentrations) were most marked in the phases with the most prominent blood pressure effects. The result support the suggestion that a su...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Essential Hypertension
Hypertensive Disease
Clinical Trials
Water-Electrolyte Balance
Double-Blind Method
Pulse Rate

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