Mar 31, 2020

Genome-wide transposon mutagenesis of paramyxoviruses reveals constraints on genomic plasticity: implications for vaccine and gene therapy

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Emiliano TrucchiBenhur Lee


The antigenic and genomic stability of paramyxoviruses remains a mystery. Here, we evaluate the genetic plasticity of Sendai virus (SeV) and mumps virus (MuV), sialic acid-using paramyxoviruses that infect mammals from two Paramyxoviridae subfamilies (Orthoparamyxovirinae and Rubulavirinae). We performed saturating whole-genome transposon insertional mutagenesis, and identified important commonalities: disordered regions in the N and P genes near the 3' genomic end were more tolerant to insertional disruptions; but the envelope glycoproteins were not, highlighting structural constraints that contribute to the restricted antigenic drift in paramyxoviruses. Nonetheless, when we applied our strategy to a fusion-defective Newcastle disease virus (Avulavirinae subfamily), we could select for F-revertants and other insertants in the 5' end of the genome. Our genome-wide interrogation of representative paramyxovirus genomes from all three Paramyxoviridae subfamilies provides a family-wide context in which to explore specific variations within and among paramyxovirus genera and species.

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Genome-Wide Association Study
Spatial Distribution
Gene Delivery Systems
Cell Growth
Rhomboda cristata

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.