Long non-coding RNA Plasmacytoma variant 1 in acute ischemic stroke: association with disease risk, severity, and recurrence-free survival and relation with inflammatory cytokines.

Irish Journal of Medical Science
Liqiang YuQi Fang


Long non-coding RNA plasmacytoma variant 1 (Lnc-PVT1) is implied with neuron apoptosis, inflammatory cytokines recruitment, endothelial cell proliferation, and angiogenesis; the latter are closely implicated in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) pathology. However, clinical significance of Lnc-PVT1 in AIS management remains unexplored. Thus, this study aimed to investigate this topic. In total, 110 patients AIS and 110 controls were enrolled. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and serum were extracted from AIS patients and controls. Then, RT-qPCR was performed to determine the PBMC Lnc-PVT1 expression in AIS patients and controls. Besides, we used ELISA to evaluate serum interferon gamma (INF-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-17A in AIS patients. Additionally, in terms of recurrence-free survival (RFS) analysis, the Lnc-PVT1 expression was classified from quantile 1 to quantile 4 regarding the Lnc-PVT1 expression in AIS patients. AIS patients had higher Lnc-PVT1 expression compared with that in controls (P < 0.001) with a good supplementary diagnostic value for AIS (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.916 (95%CI 0.881-0.951). Furthermore, Lnc-PVT1 expression was positively linked with NIHSS score...Continue Reading


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Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis