Long-term anatomic fate of coronary-artery bypass grafts and functional status of patients five years after operation

The New England Journal of Medicine
S F SeidesS E Epstein

Abstract

To assess long-term results, coronary and graft angiography was performed 53 to 84 months after operation in 22 of 30 consecutive patients who had undergone coronary-artery bypass grafting before 1973, and who had at least one graft patent at an early (three to nine months) postoperative study. Of the 33 grafts, 31 were patent at late study. All patients had severe symptoms before operation. Of 16 who became asymptomatic early after operation, angina pectoris later redeveloped in 11. Progression of disease in ungrafted vessels accounted for symptomatic deterioration in nine of these 11 patients. We conclude that most grafts patent several months after operation remain so for at least 4 1/2 years, and that although most patients improve symptomatically after operation, symptomatic deterioration is common in the succeeding years and is most often due to progression of disease in ungrafted vessels.

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Related Concepts

Angina Pectoris
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary Heart Disease
Postoperative Complications
Relapse
Coronary Angiography

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