Aug 19, 2007

Long-term consequences of methamphetamine exposure in young adults are exacerbated in glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor heterozygous mice

The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Heather A BogerJacqueline F McGinty


Methamphetamine abuse in young adults has long-term deleterious effects on brain function that are associated with damage to monoaminergic neurons. Administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) protects dopamine neurons from the toxic effects of methamphetamine in animal models. Therefore, we hypothesized that a partial GDNF gene deletion would increase the susceptibility of mice to methamphetamine neurotoxicity during young adulthood and possibly increase age-related deterioration of behavior and dopamine function. Two weeks after a methamphetamine binge (4 x 10 mg/kg, i.p., at 2 h intervals), GDNF(+/-) mice had a significantly greater reduction of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in the medial striatum, a proportionally greater depletion of dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) levels in the striatum, and a greater increase in activated microglia in the substantia nigra than wild-type mice. At 12 months of age, methamphetamine-treated GDNF(+/-) mice exhibited less motor activity and lower levels of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactivity, dopamine, DOPAC, and serotonin than wild-type mice. Greater striatal dopamine transporter activity in GDNF(+/-) mice may underlie their differential r...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Motor Activity
Behavior, Animal
Serotonin Measurement
Lentiform Nucleus Structure
GDNF gene
Methamphetamine Measurement

Related Feeds

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.