Long-term ecological dynamics: reciprocal insights from natural and anthropogenic gradients

Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Tadashi Fukami, David A Wardle


Many ecological dynamics occur over time-scales that are well beyond the duration of conventional experiments or observations. One useful approach to overcome this problem is extrapolation of temporal dynamics from spatial variation. We review two complementary variants of this approach that have been of late increasingly employed: the use of natural gradients to infer anthropogenic effects and the use of anthropogenic gradients to infer natural dynamics. Recent studies have considered a variety of naturally occurring gradients associated with climate, CO2, disturbance and biodiversity gradients, as well as anthropogenic gradients such as those created by biological invasions, habitat fragmentation and land abandonment. These studies show that natural gradients are useful in predicting long-term consequences of human-induced environmental changes, whereas anthropogenic gradients are helpful in inferring the mechanisms behind natural dynamics because covarying factors are often more clearly understood in anthropogenic gradients than in natural gradients. We classify these studies into several categories, each with different strengths and weaknesses, and outline how the limitations can be overcome by combining the gradient-based ...Continue Reading


Jun 1, 1970·The Journal of Allergy·D C HeinerB Rose
Apr 18, 1969·Science·E P Odum
Jul 17, 1998·Nature·P B Rainey, M Travisano
Mar 29, 2001·Nature Neuroscience·S M Sherman
Apr 5, 2001·Nature·B J Enquist, K J Niklas
Oct 12, 2001·Nature·M SchefferB Walker
Dec 1, 2001·Annual Review of Entomology·Rosemary G Gillespie, George K Roderick
Dec 1, 2001·Science·J TerborghL Balbas
Jun 7, 2002·Nature·Richard P Duncan, Peter A Williams
Feb 27, 2003·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Nathan J SandersDeborah M Gordon
Aug 12, 2003·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·R Craig MacLean, Graham Bell
Sep 23, 2003·Science·David A WardleWendy M Williamson
Oct 16, 2003·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Franck CourchampMichel Pascal
Jun 19, 2004·Science·David A WardleRichard D Bardgett
Nov 13, 2004·Science·Martin SolanDiane S Srivastava
Apr 28, 2005·Nature Neuroscience·Dan EhningerAlcino J Silva
Jun 10, 2005·Nature·David A Wardle, Olle Zackrisson
Oct 27, 2005·Current Opinion in Microbiology·Magnus Lundgren, Rolf Bernander
May 17, 2006·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Alan Hastings
May 17, 2006·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Christine M JessupBrendan J M Bohannan
May 17, 2006·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Diane S SrivastavaM Kurtis Trzcinski
Aug 19, 2008·The American Naturalist·Diego P Vázquez, Daniel Simberloff
Mar 1, 1986·Microbial Ecology·E J Stellwag, J E Brenchley

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Oct 20, 2012·Oecologia·Sébastien BonthouxGérard Balent
Apr 21, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Albert B PhillimoreRichard J Smithers
Oct 6, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Timothy D MeehanClaudio Gratton
Feb 14, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Zlatko PetrinBjörn Malmqvist
Jun 13, 2009·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Frank A La SorteWalter Jetz
Jan 14, 2011·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·J A GodboldM Solan
Mar 4, 2011·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Brandon T Barton
Jan 27, 2007·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Julian D Olden
May 15, 2013·PloS One·David A KeithSergio Zambrano-Martínez
Sep 24, 2011·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Mira KattwinkelMatthias Liess
Nov 30, 2013·Environmental Monitoring and Assessment·Benoît JobinDominique Côté
Nov 12, 2011·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Pablo García-PalaciosAdrián Escudero
Jun 7, 2011·Comptes rendus biologies·Denis CouvetRomain Julliard
Nov 23, 2006·Ecology Letters·Tadashi FukamiWendy M Williamson
Nov 14, 2013·The Journal of Animal Ecology·Gita BenadiNico Blüthgen
Oct 29, 2014·The New Phytologist·Luca BragazzaAlexandre Buttler
Apr 12, 2016·Journal of Environmental Management·Andrew N GillisonHermenegildo Pacate
Feb 17, 2015·Methods in Ecology and Evolution·Loïc ChalmandrierWilfried Thuiller
Dec 31, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sarah C ElmendorfMarilyn Walker
Jan 28, 2015·Environmental Pollution·Susanne Jochner, Annette Menzel
Sep 18, 2013·The Science of the Total Environment·Robert JandlFranco Miglietta
Apr 16, 2014·Environmental Science & Technology·Ya-ting ChenWen-sheng Shu

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved