Long-term evaluation of patients undergoing immediate mandibular reconstruction

American Journal of Surgery
K S HellerA Keller

Abstract

Immediate reconstruction following segmental mandibulectomy is an accepted surgical technique. The benefits and patient selection criteria need to be established. Forty-seven patients who underwent immediate reconstruction of the mandible were followed for up to 14 years. Survival, complication rates, and functional results were analyzed. Median survival was 39 months and actuarial 5-year survival was 40%. Two patients died in the postoperative period, and 9 suffered major reconstruction-related complications. The majority of these complications were related to the use of reconstruction plates, and occurred when the mandibular defect included the arch or when the plates were covered by pectoralis flaps. Half of the patients interviewed were able to eat a regular diet. Mandibular reconstruction can be performed safely and expeditiously in nearly all patients undergoing segmental mandibulectomy. Functional results and long-term survival will be acceptable in many cases.

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Citations

Mar 26, 2004·Auris, Nasus, Larynx·Javier Arias-GalloVicente Martorell-Martínez
Mar 12, 2004·Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons·Akira KatakuraMasoo Yoshinari
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