Long-term exposure of rats to perchloroethylene, with and without a post-exposure solvent-free recovery period: effects on brain lipids

Toxicology Letters
T KyrklundK G Haglid


The effects of perchloroethylene were studied in the rat brain after continuous exposure for 90 days at 320 ppm. Animals were also allowed after exposure to recover in a solvent-free atmosphere for 30 days. Lipid and fatty acid compositions were studied in particular. Changes were observed in the fatty acid pattern of ethanolamine phosphoglyceride in the cerebral cortex. Fatty acids 18:0, 20:1 (n-7) and 20:4 (n-6) were decreased while very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids were increased. Most fatty acid changes were normalized during the 30 days post-exposure solvent-free recovery period with the exception of the minor fatty acid 20:1 (n-7). However, the previously unchanged fatty acid 18:1 was found to be decreased after the recovery period. Cholesterol was also decreased at this time and a tendency to reduction of myelin-enriched lipids after exposure to perchloroethylene might indicate a persisting loss of myelin membranes.


Aug 1, 1968·Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry·R J Franey, E Amador
May 1, 1956·Journal of Neurochemistry·L SVENNERHOLM


Feb 1, 1991·Pharmacology & Toxicology·T Kyrklund, K G Haglid
Dec 31, 2009·Birth Defects Research. Part B, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology·Rebecca Brown DzubowStanley Barone
Oct 20, 1998·Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology·M OnofrjD Rotilio

Related Concepts

Saturated Fat
August Rats
Lipid Metabolism
Rats, Laboratory

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.