May 29, 2020

Long-Term Incidence and Predictors of Significant Hearing Loss Requiring Hearing Assistive Devices Among Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Population-Based Study

Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Jason A BeyeaSumit Gupta

Abstract

Hearing loss is a significant late effect among childhood cancer survivors. Recent guidelines note insufficient evidence to quantify its natural history or risk associated with specific exposures. We examined the long-term incidence and predictors of hearing loss requiring hearing amplification devices (HADs) using population-based health care data. In Ontario, Canada, HAD costs are subsidized by the Assistive Devices Program (ADP). Ontario children < 18 years of age at cancer diagnosis between 1987 and 2016 were identified and linked to ADP claims. Cumulative HAD incidence was compared between cases and matched controls. Patient, disease, and treatment predictors of HAD were examined. We identified 11,842 cases and 59,210 controls. Cases were at higher risk for HAD (hazard ratio [HR], 12.8; 95% CI, 9.8 to 16.7; P < .001). The cumulative incidence of HAD among survivors was 2.1% (95% CI, 1.7% to 2.5%) at 20 years and 6.4% (95% CI, 2.8% to 12.1%) at 30 years post-diagnosis. The 30-year incidence was highest in neuroblastoma (10.7%; 95% CI, 3.8% to 21.7%) and hepatoblastoma (16.2%; 95% CI, 8.6% to 26.0%) survivors. Predictors of HAD in multivariable analyses included age 0-4 years at diagnosis (v 5-9 years; HR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.4-3...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CAC Protocol
Cranial Nerves
Diagnosis
Hepatoblastoma
Medical History
Agent
DNA Amplification
Malignant Childhood Neoplasm
Cancer Diagnosis
Examined

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