Long-term outcome of pancreatic function following oncological surgery in children: Institutional experience and review of the literature.

World Journal of Clinical Cases
Giulia BolascoAntonella Diamanti

Abstract

Pancreatic neoplasms are uncommon in children and in most cases they are benign or have low malignant potential. Pancreatoblastoma and solid pseudopapillary tumor are the most frequent types in early and late childhood, respectively. Complete resection, although burdened by severe complications, is the only curative treatment for these diseases. Pancreatic surgery may result in impaired exocrine and endocrine pancreatic function. However, limited data are available on the long-term pediatric pancreatic function following surgical resection. To investigate endocrine and exocrine pancreatic function and growth after oncological pancreatic surgery in a pediatric series. A retrospective analysis of all pediatric patients who underwent surgery for pancreatic neoplasm in our Institution from January 31, 2002 to the present was performed. Endocrine and exocrine insufficiency, auxological and fat-soluble vitamin status (A, D, E and clotting tests) were assessed at diagnosis and at every follow-up visit. Exocrine insufficiency was defined as steatorrhea with fecal elastase-1 < 200 µg/g stool, while endocrine insufficiency was identified as onset of Diabetes or Impaired Glucose Tolerance. Growth was evaluated based on body mass index (BM...Continue Reading

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