Long-term Outcomes Are Poor in Intravenous Drug Users Following Infective Endocarditis, Even After Surgery.

Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Sam StrawJonathan A T Sandoe


Previous studies of outcomes in people who inject drugs (PWID) with infective endocarditis (IE) have often been retrospective, have had small sample sizes, and the duration of follow-up has been short and limited to patients who were operated on. PWID treated for IE between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2016 were identified from a prospectively collected database. PWID hospitalized with other infections acted as a novel comparison group. Outcomes were all-cause mortality, cause of death, relapse, recurrence, and reoperation. There were 105 episodes of IE in 92 PWID and 112 episodes of other infections in 107 PWID in whom IE was suspected but rejected. Survival at 30 days for the IE group was 85%, and 30-day survival following surgery was 96%. The most common pathogens were Staphylococcus species (60%) and Streptococcus species (30%). The surgical intervention rate was 47%. Survival for the IE group at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years was 74%, 63%, 58%, and 44%, respectively. This was significantly lower compared with the comparator group of other infections in PWID (P = .0002). Mortality was higher in patients who required surgery compared with those who did not (hazard ratio, 1.8 [95% confidence interval, .95-3.3]). The commonest cause ...Continue Reading


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