Long-term prognosis after treatment of patients with choledocholithiasis

Annals of Surgery
Kazuhisa UchiyamaHiroki Yamaue


This study was conducted to examine the long-term prognosis of after treatment of patients with choledocholithiasis, including the recurrence of lithiasis, and to thereby determine the best treatment modality for choledocholithiasis based on its pathological entity. Choledocholithiasis can be caused by either primary bile duct stones that originate in the bile duct or by secondary bile duct stones that have fallen out of the gallbladder. The recurrence rates vary depending on the type of choledocholithiasis. Two-hundred thirteen outpatients who were treated for choledocholithiasis from 1982 to 1996 were selected as subjects and monitored for a period ranging from 5 to 19 years (mean, 9.6 years). The 213 patients were divided into 3 groups: 87 patients who had undergone choledocholithotomy and T-tube drainage (including the use of the laparoscopic method), 44 patients who had undergone choledochoduodenostomy, and 82 patients whose stones were removed by endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). Recurrence of lithiasis was examined for each type of treatment modality. Choledochoduodenostomy was performed in 44 cases for the purpose of preventing any recurrence. The recurrent rate was analyzed in 169 cases. Choledocholithiasis recurred in ...Continue Reading


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