Long-term resistance to simulated climate change in an infertile grassland.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
J P GrimeChris R Bennett


Climate shifts over this century are widely expected to alter the structure and functioning of temperate plant communities. However, long-term climate experiments in natural vegetation are rare and largely confined to systems with the capacity for rapid compositional change. In unproductive, grazed grassland at Buxton in northern England (U.K.), one of the longest running experimental manipulations of temperature and rainfall reveals vegetation highly resistant to climate shifts maintained over 13 yr. Here we document this resistance in the form of: (i) constancy in the relative abundance of growth forms and maintained dominance by long-lived, slow-growing grasses, sedges, and small forbs; (ii) immediate but minor shifts in the abundance of several species that have remained stable over the course of the experiment; (iii) no change in productivity in response to climate treatments with the exception of reduction from chronic summer drought; and (iv) only minor species losses in response to drought and winter heating. Overall, compositional changes induced by 13-yr exposure to climate regime change were less than short-term fluctuations in species abundances driven by interannual climate fluctuations. The lack of progressive com...Continue Reading


May 14, 1999·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·J S Dukes, H A Mooney
Sep 1, 1953·Khirurgiia·A S SMOL'NINOV
Jul 1, 1954·The British Journal of Surgery·D WYNN-WILLIAMS
Jan 9, 2004·Nature·Chris D ThomasStephen E Williams
Aug 4, 2005·PLoS Biology·Jeffrey S DukesChristopher B Field
Oct 29, 2005·Science·Dagmar SchröterBärbel Zierl
Jan 24, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Marilyn D WalkerPhilip A Wookey
May 11, 2007·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Julia A KleinXin-Quan Zhao

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Oct 27, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Susan HarrisonJames B Grace
Jan 12, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sandra DíazLourens Poorter
Jul 30, 2015·Global Change Biology·Laurel Pfeifer-MeisterBart R Johnson
Aug 13, 2015·The New Phytologist·Hans J De BoeckErika Hiltbrunner
Oct 7, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Anu Eskelinen, Susan P Harrison
Aug 3, 2010·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Jonathan SilvertownRichard Bardgett
Oct 13, 2011·Ecology Letters·Milagros A JiménezJulio R Gutiérrez
Aug 28, 2015·Global Change Biology·Catherine H RavenscroftJason D Fridley
Dec 3, 2014·Annals of Botany·Susan HarrisonStella Copeland
Nov 12, 2015·Annals of Botany·Camille Parmesan, Mick E Hanley
Jul 15, 2015·Annals of Botany·Anu Eskelinen, Susan Harrison
Jul 5, 2011·Environmental Pollution·Richard J PayneMichael R Ashmore
Apr 14, 2018·Global Change Biology·Benjamin B PhillipsJuliet L Osborne
Feb 11, 2014·American Journal of Botany·Brian L Anacker
Jul 5, 2013·American Journal of Botany·Elise S Gornish, Jason M Tylianakis
Nov 8, 2016·Science Advances·Sarah E DiamondNicholas J Gotelli
Jun 2, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Gian-Reto Walther
Mar 25, 2015·Nature Communications·György Kröel-DulayJosep Penuelas
Jul 12, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·N T JonesA S MacDougall
Jan 1, 2014·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·M AnnalaT Muotka
Jun 8, 2018·Ecology and Evolution·Jerrold M Tubay, Jin Yoshimura

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.