Long-term resistance to simulated climate change in an infertile grassland.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
J P GrimeChris R Bennett

Abstract

Climate shifts over this century are widely expected to alter the structure and functioning of temperate plant communities. However, long-term climate experiments in natural vegetation are rare and largely confined to systems with the capacity for rapid compositional change. In unproductive, grazed grassland at Buxton in northern England (U.K.), one of the longest running experimental manipulations of temperature and rainfall reveals vegetation highly resistant to climate shifts maintained over 13 yr. Here we document this resistance in the form of: (i) constancy in the relative abundance of growth forms and maintained dominance by long-lived, slow-growing grasses, sedges, and small forbs; (ii) immediate but minor shifts in the abundance of several species that have remained stable over the course of the experiment; (iii) no change in productivity in response to climate treatments with the exception of reduction from chronic summer drought; and (iv) only minor species losses in response to drought and winter heating. Overall, compositional changes induced by 13-yr exposure to climate regime change were less than short-term fluctuations in species abundances driven by interannual climate fluctuations. The lack of progressive com...Continue Reading

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Citations

Oct 27, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Susan HarrisonJames B Grace
Jan 12, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sandra DíazLourens Poorter
Jul 30, 2015·Global Change Biology·Laurel Pfeifer-MeisterBart R Johnson
Aug 13, 2015·The New Phytologist·Hans J De BoeckErika Hiltbrunner
Oct 7, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Anu Eskelinen, Susan P Harrison
Aug 3, 2010·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Jonathan SilvertownRichard Bardgett
Oct 13, 2011·Ecology Letters·Milagros A JiménezJulio R Gutiérrez
Aug 28, 2015·Global Change Biology·Catherine H RavenscroftJason D Fridley
Dec 3, 2014·Annals of Botany·Susan HarrisonStella Copeland
Nov 12, 2015·Annals of Botany·Camille Parmesan, Mick E Hanley
Jul 15, 2015·Annals of Botany·Anu Eskelinen, Susan Harrison
Jul 5, 2011·Environmental Pollution·Richard J PayneMichael R Ashmore
Apr 14, 2018·Global Change Biology·Benjamin B PhillipsJuliet L Osborne
Feb 11, 2014·American Journal of Botany·Brian L Anacker
Jul 5, 2013·American Journal of Botany·Elise S Gornish, Jason M Tylianakis
Nov 8, 2016·Science Advances·Sarah E DiamondNicholas J Gotelli
Jun 2, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Gian-Reto Walther
Mar 25, 2015·Nature Communications·György Kröel-DulayJosep Penuelas
Jul 12, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·N T JonesA S MacDougall
Jan 1, 2014·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·M AnnalaT Muotka
Jun 8, 2018·Ecology and Evolution·Jerrold M Tubay, Jin Yoshimura

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