PMID: 7992700Oct 1, 1994Paper

Long-term results and complications of intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guerin for prophylaxis of bladder cancer recurrence

Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
Akira IrieM Sawamura

Abstract

Since 1982, we treated 22 patients with superficial bladder cancer via intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (Tokyo 172 strain) for prophylaxis against tumor recurrence. To determine the long-term efficacy and complications of BCG therapy, retrospective analysis was performed. The BCG therapy was initiated one to two weeks after complete transurethral resection of visible tumors. One hundred twenty mg or 80 mg of BCG suspended in 40 ml of 0.9% NaCl solution was instilled into the bladder once a week for 6 times, then monthly for 10 times. Of 22 patients, 10 tumor recurrences were recognized in 4 patients (mean followup 74 months). Recurrent free rate at 5 years was 78.5%. Common side effects were low grade fever and bladder irritability. Although these side effects were self-limiting, 15 patients (68%) refused instillation of BCG before completion of our protocol because of the bladder irritation. No relationship was observed between total dose of BCG instilled and tumor recurrence. Severe side effects such as permanent structural or functional alterations of the bladder or mycobacterial infection of other organs were not observed. Intravesical administration of Tokyo 172 strain of BCG seemed to be safe and useful for long-term...Continue Reading

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