Mar 6, 2016

Longitudinal relationship between chronic kidney disease and distribution of cerebral microbleeds in patients with ischemic stroke

Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Qing PengCASISP Study Group

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been reported to be independently associated with cerebral microbleeds (CMB). Since both glomerular afferent arterioles and cerebral perforating arteries are strain vessels, CKD and CMB may share similar dynamic changes. To clarify whether CKD and CKD progression are related to the distribution and evolution of CMB in patients with ischemic stroke. We retrospectively examined the data from the CASISP study. 500 patients with ischemic stroke were analyzed. The number and distribution of CMB were assessed using Microbleed Anatomical Rating Scale. Renal function was evaluated by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria. 51 (10.2%) and 158 (31.6%) had decreased eGFR (<60ml/min/1.73m(2)) and CMB at baseline, respectively; 31 (6.6%) and 84 (16.8%) had CKD and CMB progression. Decreased eGFR at baseline (OR=1.533, 95% CI: 1.111-2.114; p=0.009), proteinuria (OR=1.778, 95% CI: 1.026-3.083; p=0.040), CKD progression (OR=2.004, 95% CI: 1.191-3.370; p=0.009) and history of hypertension (OR=2.084, 95% CI: 1.241-3.49; p=0.005) were independently associated with the presence of deep or infratentorial CMB at follow-up. CMB progression in deep or infratentorial area was more frequent in pa...Continue Reading

  • References28
  • Citations8

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemic Cerebrovascular Accident
Urinalysis
Study
Diastolic Blood Pressure Measurement
Kidney Function Tests
Infratentorial
Follow-up
Albuminuria
Structure of Afferent Arteriole
Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

Related Feeds

Brain Ischemia

Brain ischemia is a condition in which there is insufficient blood flow to the brain to meet metabolic demand. Discover the latest research on brain ischemia here.

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.

Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease

Basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease is a condition where the blood vessels in the basal ganglia are damaged or malfunction. Discover the latest research on basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease here.

Antihypertensive Agents: Mechanisms of Action

Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.

Acute Stroke

A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is interrupted depriving the brain of oxygen and nutrients. This feed focuses cerebrovascular accidents including ischemic and paralytic stroke.