Apr 1, 1985

Loss of capacity for acid-induced wall loosening as the principal cause of the cessation of cell enlargement in light-grown bean leaves

Planta
E Van VolkenburghR E Cleland

Abstract

Cell enlargement in primary leaves of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) can be induced, free of cell divisions, by exposure of 10-d-old, red-light-grown seedlings to white light. The absolute rate of leaf expansion increases until day 12, then decreases until the leaves reached mature size on day 18. The cause of the reduction in growth rate following day 12 has been investigated. Turgor calculated from measurements of leaf water and osmotic potential fell from 6.5 to 3.5 bar before day 12, but remained constant thereafter. The decline of growth after day 12 is not caused by a decrease in turgor. On the other hand, Instron-measured cell-wall extensibility decreased in parallel with growth rate after day 12. Two parameters influencing extensibility were examined. Light-induced acidification of cell walls, which has been shown to initiate wall extension, remained constant over the growth period (days 10-18). Furthermore, cells of any age could be stimulated to excrete H(+) by fusicoccin. However, older tissue was not able to grow in response to fusicoccin or light. Measurements of acid-induced extension on preparations of isolated cell walls showed that as cells matured, the cell walls became less able to extend when acidified. These ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Skin Turgor
Cell Division
Phaseolus vulgaris
Cell Enlargement
Acidification - ActCode
Etiology
Cell Wall
Excretory Function
Seedling
fusicoccin