May 28, 2020

Loss of core fucosylation enhances the anticancer activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes by increasing PD-1 degradation

European Journal of Immunology
Nianzhu ZhangWenzhe Li

Abstract

As an immune checkpoint, programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1) pathway plays a crucial role in CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) activation and provides antitumor responses. The N-glycans of PD-1 and PD-L1 are highly core fucosylated, which are solely catalyzed by the core fucosyltransferase (Fut8). However, the precise biological mechanisms underlying effects of core fucosylation of PD-1 and PD-L1 on CTL activation have not been fully understood. In this study, we found that core fucosylation was significantly up-regulated in lung adenocarcinoma. Compared to those of Fut8+/+ OT-I mice, the lung adenocarcinoma formation induced by urethane was markedly reduced in Fut8-/- OT-I mice. De-core fucosylation of PD-1 compromised its expression on Fut8-/- CTL, resulted in enhanced Fut8-/- CTL activation and cytotoxicity, leading to more efficient tumor eradication. Indeed, loss of core fucosylation significantly enhanced the PD-1 ubiquitination and in turn led to the degradation of PD-1 in the proteasome. Our current work indicates that inhibition of core fucosylation is a unique strategy to reduce PD-1 expression for the anti-lung adenocarcinoma immune therapy in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

FUT8 protein, human
Finding
Core
Laboratory mice
Cell-Mediated Cytolysis
Apoptosis
Immunization
Cell Death
Signal Pathways
Study

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