May 25, 2013

Loss of dermatan sulfate epimerase (DSE) function results in musculocontractural Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Human Molecular Genetics
T MüllerA R Janecke


The sulfated polysaccharide dermatan sulfate (DS) forms proteoglycans with a number of distinct core proteins. Iduronic acid-containing domains in DS have a key role in mediating the functions of DS proteoglycans. Two tissue-specific DS epimerases, encoded by DSE and DSEL, and a GalNAc-4-O-sulfotransferase encoded by CHST14 are necessary for the formation of these domains. CHST14 mutations were previously identified for patients with the musculocontractural type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (MCEDS). We now identified a homozygous DSE missense mutation (c.803C>T, p.S268L) by the positional candidate approach in a male child with MCEDS, who was born to consanguineous parents. Heterologous expression of mutant full-length and soluble recombinant DSE proteins showed a loss of activity towards partially desulfated DS. Patient-derived fibroblasts also showed a significant reduction in epimerase activity. The amount of DS disaccharides was markedly decreased in the conditioned medium and the cell fraction from cultured fibroblasts of the patient when compared with a healthy control subject, whereas no apparent difference was observed in the chondroitin sulfate (CS) chains from the conditioned media. However, the total amount of CS disacc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
expression vector
Extracellular Matrix
CHST14 gene
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect
Dermatan Sulfate

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