Loss of FHR variability diagnosed by frequency analysis

Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Kazuo Maeda, Takashi Nagawawa

Abstract

To determine the loss of fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline variability by frequency analysis. The FHR tracings of 12 normal fetuses and others with various conditions, as well as flat FHR tracings of a late deceleration (LD) and anencephaly recorded with Doppler fetal monitors, were scanned and processed using fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis. The ratio of the area under the low frequency spectrum divided by the area under the whole spectrum (La/Ta) and the peak power spectrum density (PPSD) were determined. Long-term variability (LTV) measures >10 bpm revealed significantly more La/Ta and PPSD than LTV <10 bpm in normal FHR tracings. The La/Ta and PPSD were >15% and 60 bpm(2)/Hz, respectively, in representative values of normal FHR cases and in those of fetal respiration, hiccupps and non-reactive FHR, whereas those of the flat baseline of LD and anencephaly were <15% and 60 bpm(2)/Hz. Loss of baseline variability is diagnosed when the La/Ta ratio and PPSD are <15% and 60 bpm(2)/Hz, respectively, based on the FFT frequency analysis of the FHR baseline.

References

Sep 25, 2002·European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology·Yariv YogevBoris Kaplan
Aug 23, 2005·Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy·Kazuo Maeda, Takashi Nagasawa
May 13, 2006·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·E SalamalekisG Creatsas
Aug 29, 2006·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·M RomanoM Bracale

Related Concepts

Fetal Monitoring
Heart Rate, Fetal
Cardiotocogram
Fetal Heart
Fetus
Lanthanum
Respiration
Doppler Ultrasound (Procedure)
Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Scanning

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.

Related Papers

Obstetrics and Gynecology
O Ogueh, P J Steer
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
G S DawesT Wheeler
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics : the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
J Bartnicki, J W Dudenhausen
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved