Loss of YggS (COG0325) impacts aspartate metabolism in Salmonella enterica.

Molecular Microbiology
Huong N Vu, Diana M Downs

Abstract

YggS is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-binding protein of the conserved COG0325 family. Despite a connection with vitamin B6 homeostasis in many species, neither a precise biochemical activity nor the molecular mechanism of how YggS contributes to cellular function has been described. In a transposon mutagenesis screen, we found that insertions in aspC (encoding a PLP-dependent aspartate aminotransferase, EC 2.6.1.1) in a Salmonella enterica strain lacking yggS caused a synthetic growth defect, which could be rescued by the addition of exogenous aspartate. Characterization of spontaneous suppressors which improved the growth of the yggS aspC double mutant suggested that this synthetic aspartate limitation was dependent on TyrB, a PLP-dependent aromatic amino acid aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.57). Genetic and biochemical data were consistent with the hypothesis that TyrB activity was inhibited by accumulated pyridoxine 5'-phosphate and α-keto acids caused by a yggS mutation. This study provides data consistent with a working model implicating YggS in modulating concentrations of B6 vitamers via transamination.

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