DOI: 10.1101/494351Dec 13, 2018Paper

Low acetylcholine during early sleep is important for motor memory consolidation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Samsoon InayatMajid H Mohajerani

Abstract

The synaptic homeostasis theory of sleep proposes that low neurotransmitter activity in sleep is optimal for memory consolidation. We tested this theory by asking whether increasing acetylcholine levels during early sleep would disrupt motor memory consolidation. We trained separate groups of adult mice on the rotarod walking and skilled reaching for food tasks, and after training, administered physostigmine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, to increase cholinergic tone in subsequent sleep. Post-sleep testing suggested that physostigmine impaired motor skill acquisition. Home-cage video monitoring and electrophysiology revealed that physostigmine disrupted sleep structure, delayed non-rapid-eye-movement sleep onset, and reduced slow-wave power in the hippocampus and cortex. The impaired motor performance with physostigmine, however, was not solely due to its effects on sleep structure, as one hour of sleep deprivation after training did not impair rotarod performance. A reduction in cholinergic tone by inactivation of cholinergic neurons during early sleep also affected rotarod performance. Administration of agonists and antagonists of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors revealed that activation of muscarinic rec...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Acetylcholine
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
Cerebral Cortex
Food
Hippocampus (Brain)
Laboratory mice
Muscarine
Neurotransmitters
Physostigmine
Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Basal Forebrain- Circuits

Basal forebrain is a region in the brain important for production of acetylcholine and is the major cholinergic output of the CNS. Discover the latest research on circuits in the basal forebrain here.