Low and high pH form of cadmium carbonic anhydrase determined by nuclear quadrupole interaction

R BauerJ T Johansen


The pH dependence of the nuclear quadrupole interaction between the excited 247-keV state in 111Cd bound to the active site in human carbonic anhydrase B and the nearest protein surroundings has been studied by means of the nuclear spectroscopic technique of perturbed angular correlation of gamma rays. The enzyme has been studied in the pH region 5.6-11.0 at 22 and -196 degrees C. The results show that the Cd enzyme changes from one form at low pH to another form at high pH both at 22 and -196 degrees C. The pK of the transition is 8.9 +/- 0.2 at -196 degrees C and close to 9 at 22 degrees C. Parallel to this transformation, the esterase activity of the Cd enzyme for the hydration of p-nitrophenyl acetate exhibits a pH dependency with a pH of 9.1 +/- 0.2. The sulfonamide inhibitor acetazolamide completely inhibits this activity of the Cd enzyme. The quadrupole interaction parameters for the Cd enzyme are not significantly different at -196 degrees C from those obtained at 22 degrees C. A measurement at 0 degrees C pH 5.7 shows, however, a form different from those at 22 degrees C pH 5.6 and -196 degrees C pH 5.7. The change in the quadrupole interaction with pH is, in a simple model, consistent with an ionization of a metal-bou...Continue Reading


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