Nov 16, 2010

Low concentrations of methamidophos do not alter AChE activity but modulate neurotransmitters uptake in hippocampus and striatum in vitro

Life Sciences
Priscila GubertFélix Alexandre Antunes Soares

Abstract

Methamidophos (Meth) is a toxic organophosphorus compound (OP) that inhibits acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE) and induces neurotoxicity. As the mechanism of its neurotoxic effects is not well understood, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of Meth on glutamate and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake and correlate with cell viability and AChE and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase enzyme activities in striatum and hippocampus slices exposed to low concentrations (0.05 to 1.0 μM) of Meth. Hippocampal and striatal slices of rat brain were exposed to Meth for 5 min ([(3)H]Glutamate uptake) or 15 min ([(3)H]GABA uptake) for assays. The enzyme activities and cell viability were also accessed at both times in hippocampal and striatal slices and homogenates. At concentrations that did not inhibit AChE, Meth caused changes in glutamate uptake in striatal (0.05 and 1.0 μM Meth) and hippocampal (1.0 μM Meth) slices. GABA uptake was increased by the pesticide in striatum at 0.5 and 1.0 μM and in hippocampus at 0.05 μM. After 3.5h of Meth exposure, striatal and hippocampal cells showed no changes in viability as well as no inhibition of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase were observed after 5 or 15 min exposure to Meth in the same brain structures. ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Abnormal Degeneration
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Neurotransmitter Uptake
SLC25A29 gene
Neostriatum
Thyroid Crisis
Cholinergic Crisis
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Serotonin Measurement

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