Sep 29, 2019

Low factor V level ameliorates bleeding diathesis in patients with combined deficiency of factor V and factor VIII

Blood
Yanyan ShaoQiulan Ding

Abstract

Combined factor V (FV) and FVIII deficiency (F5F8D) is a rare autosomal-recessive bleeding disorder caused by mutations in lectin mannose binding-1 (LMAN1) and multiple coagulation factor deficiency-2 (MCFD2). Six causative homozygous mutations (5 in LMAN1 and 1 in MCFD2) were identified in 6 patients with F5F8D. A thrombin-generation assay, triggered with tissue factor (1 pM) in F5F8D plasma, paradoxically exhibited enhanced thrombin generation compared with normal plasma. Significantly lower free tissue factor pathway inhibitor (fTFPI) was found in F5F8D patients compared with healthy controls (P < .01). Normalizing tissue factor pathway inhibitor α (TFPIα) in F5F8D plasma greatly delayed and reduced thrombin generation. Increasing FV concentrations by adding plasma FV to F5F8D plasma only caused a gradual decrease in thrombin generation, suggesting that low levels of TFPIα and FV cocontributed to the elevated thrombin generation by reducing anticoagulant effects. On the contrary, thrombin generation in F5F8D platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was significantly lower than in normal controls (P < .05); however, it was fully corrected by normalizing FVIII or after 1-deamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) infusion, indicating that the...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

DDAVP
MCFD2
Anticoagulants, Oral
Inhibitors
Fresh Frozen Plasma
Thrombin
LMAN1 gene
PM-81 Monoclonal Antibody
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Human normal immunoglobulin

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