Jan 1, 1975

Low fertility rate in vasovasostomized males and its possible immunologic mechanism

International Journal of Fertility
I GuptaK Saha

Abstract

Contradictory views have been expressed about the role of the various antisperm antibodies which develop after vasoligation. The present study was conducted in 50 normal fertile males, 50 vasectomized subjects and 25 subjects after recanalization of their vas deferens in order to investigate the development of various anti-sperm antibodies after vasectomy, along with their incidence, their persistence after successful relief of vaso-obstruction by vasovasostomy and their role in the causation of infertility in vasoanatomized normospermia males. Sperm agglutinating, immobilizing and haemagglutinating antibodies showed rises in titres with increase during the post-vasectomy period, indicating continuous antigenic stimulus. Age, post-operative complications and blood group did not seem to alter the results. 86% of subjects developed antisperm agglutinins, mostly tail-to-tail type (54.5%), 1-12 years after vasoligation, while only 2% of fertile men had circulating spermagglutinins. A lower incidence of positive sperm in the immobilization test than in the agglutination test suggests either that different antibodies are detected by these two tests or these tests have differing sensitivities. Of the 25 vasovasostomized subject, 13 (5...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fertility
Sperm Agglutination
Cell Motility
Infertility Study
Sperm Cell
Spermatozoa Cell Count
Motility
Immunology
Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Activity
Autoagglutination

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