May 11, 2012

Low prevalence of anemia in inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study in Sweden

Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Martin RejlerAnna Spångéus

Abstract

Anemia is a well-known complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with a reported prevalence of 8.8-73.7%. However, knowledge is sparse about the anemia prevalence in a population-based cohort of patients affected by IBD. The aim of this retrospective, descriptive, population-based study was to determine and analyze the prevalence of anemia for ambulatory (n = 485) as well as for hospitalized patients diagnosed with IBD in 2008 in the Highland Health Care District, Jönköpings County, Sweden. The prevalence of anemia at the annual follow-up in the studied IBD population was 6%, 5% for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and 9% for those with Crohn's disease (CD). There was a higher rate of anemia at the yearly check up in patients requiring inpatient care during the year. IBD patients, prescribed anti-TNF-α treatment, had a higher rate of anemia. Of the hospitalized UC and CD patients (n = 31), 35% and 50%, respectively, had anemia at admission and 6% and 4% had severe anemia (Hb <100 g/L), respectively. The prevalence of anemia in this population was lower than reported previously, probably due to inclusion of all IBD patients in the area in combination with a proactive follow-up model. The prevalence of anemia in this...Continue Reading

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References

  • References16
  • Citations12

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

IIeocolitis
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Hospitalization
Severity of Illness Index
Hospitalized Patients
Complication
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Specialty Type - Ambulatory
Genus Anemia
Urgent Care

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Anemia develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells. Anemia of inflammation (AI, also called anemia of chronic disease) is a common, typically normocytic, normochromic anemia that is caused by an underlying inflammatory disease. Here is the latest research on anemia.