Sep 5, 2019

Low Serum Paraoxonase-1 Activity Associates with Incident Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Subjects with Concurrently High Levels of High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and C-Reactive Protein

Journal of Clinical Medicine
James P CorsettiRobin P F Dullaart

Abstract

Paroxonase-1 (PON1) is a key enzyme that inhibits low-density lipoprotein oxidation and consequently atherogenesis. Here, we assessed whether low serum PON1 activity associates with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in subjects with high levels of high-density cholesterol (HDL-C) and C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of low-grade systemic inflammation. Cox proportional-hazards modeling of incident CVD risk (11 years mean follow-up) adjusted for relevant clinical and biomarker covariates was performed on a population-based study (N = 7766) stratified into three groups: low CRP-(LR; event rate 4.9%); low HDL-C/high CRP-(HR1; event rate 14.4%); and high HDL-C/high CRP-(HR2; event rate 7.6%). Modeling results for PON1 activity in HR2 were significant and robust (hazard ratio/SD unit-0.68, 95% CI 0.55-0.83, p = 0.0003), but not so for LR and HR1. Analyses in HR2 of the interaction of PON1 with HDL-C, apoA-I, apoA-II, and apoE levels were significant only for PON1 with apoE (hazard ratio-1.77, 95% CI 1.29-2.41, p = 0.0003). Subsequent subgroup analysis revealed inverse risk dependence for apoE at low PON1 levels. In conclusion, in a population-based study of subjects with concurrently high HDL-C and CRP levels, low serum PON1 ac...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Lipoprotein Oxidation
Follow-up
Research Subject
Apolipoprotein A-I Measurement
Paraoxonase 1
PON1 gene
Arylesterase
Cardiovascular Diseases
Atherogenesis

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