Apr 18, 2020

A region of Drosophila SLBP distinct from the histone pre-mRNA binding and processing domains is essential for deposition of histone mRNA in the oocyte

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
J. Potter-BirrielWilliam F. Marzluff


During Drosophila oogenesis, large amounts of histone mRNA and proteins are deposited in the developing oocyte. These are sufficient for the first 14 embryonic cell cycles and provide the developing embryo with sufficient histone proteins until the zygotic histone genes are activated. The maternally deposited histone mRNA is synthesized in stage 10b of oogenesis after completion of endoreduplication of the nurse cells. Histone mRNAs are the only cellular mRNAs that are not polyadenylated, ending instead in a conserved stemloop instead of a polyA tail. The Stem-loop binding protein (SLBP) binds the 3 prime end of histone mRNA and is essential for both the biosynthesis and translation of histone mRNA. We report that a 10 aa region in SLBP, which is not required for processing in vitro, is essential for transcription of histone mRNA in the stage 10b oocyte. In stage 10b the Histone Locus Bodies (HLBs) produce histone mRNAs in the absence of phosphorylation of Mxc, normally required for histone gene expression in S-phase cells. Mutants expressing this SLBP develop normally, produce small amounts of polyadenylated histone mRNA throughout development, but little histone mRNA in stage 10b resulting in death of the embryos in the first...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Quantitative Trait Loci
Prokaryotic potassium channel
Cellular Process
Circadian Clocks
Phytochrome A
Gene Deletion Abnormality

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