Oct 17, 1998

Lower incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in infants fed a preterm formula with egg phospholipids

Pediatric Research
S E CarlsonS B Korones


Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) causes approximately 4000 deaths/y and significant morbidity among U.S.-born preterm infants alone. Various combinations of inadequate tissue oxygenation, bacterial overgrowth, and enteral feeding with immaturity may cause the initial damage to intestinal mucosa that culminates in necrosis. Presently, there is not a way to predict the onset of the disease or to prevent its occurrence. As part of risk-benefit assessment, we compared disease in hospitalized preterm infants fed a commercial (control) preterm formula or an experimental formula with egg phospholipids for a randomized, double-masked, clinical study of diet and infant neurodevelopment. Infants fed the experimental formula developed significantly less stage II and III NEC compared with infants fed the control formula (2.9 versus 17.6%, p < 0.05), but had similar rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (23.4 versus 23.5%), septicemia (26 versus 31%), and retinopathy of prematurity (38 versus 40%). Compared with the control formula, the experimental formula provided 7-fold more esterified choline, arachidonic acid (AA, 0.4% of total fatty acids), and docosahexaenoic acid (0.13%). Phospholipids are constituents of mucosal membranes and intestin...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Docosahexaenoic acid
Morbidity Aspects
Tissue Membrane
Surfactant [EPC]
Endogenous Surfactants
Arachidonic Acid
Iron in various other combinations

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