Oct 17, 1998

Lower incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in infants fed a preterm formula with egg phospholipids

Pediatric Research
S E CarlsonS B Korones

Abstract

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) causes approximately 4000 deaths/y and significant morbidity among U.S.-born preterm infants alone. Various combinations of inadequate tissue oxygenation, bacterial overgrowth, and enteral feeding with immaturity may cause the initial damage to intestinal mucosa that culminates in necrosis. Presently, there is not a way to predict the onset of the disease or to prevent its occurrence. As part of risk-benefit assessment, we compared disease in hospitalized preterm infants fed a commercial (control) preterm formula or an experimental formula with egg phospholipids for a randomized, double-masked, clinical study of diet and infant neurodevelopment. Infants fed the experimental formula developed significantly less stage II and III NEC compared with infants fed the control formula (2.9 versus 17.6%, p < 0.05), but had similar rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (23.4 versus 23.5%), septicemia (26 versus 31%), and retinopathy of prematurity (38 versus 40%). Compared with the control formula, the experimental formula provided 7-fold more esterified choline, arachidonic acid (AA, 0.4% of total fatty acids), and docosahexaenoic acid (0.13%). Phospholipids are constituents of mucosal membranes and intestin...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Septicemia
Choline
Necrosis
Docosahexaenoic acid
Morbidity Aspects
Tissue Membrane
Surfactant [EPC]
Endogenous Surfactants
Arachidonic Acid
Iron in various other combinations

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.