Lumen diameter of normal human coronary arteries. Influence of age, sex, anatomic variation, and left ventricular hypertrophy or dilation

J T DodgeH T Dodge


Precise knowledge of the expected "normal" lumen diameter at a given coronary anatomic location is a first step toward developing a quantitative estimate of coronary disease severity that could be more useful than the traditional "percent stenosis." Eighty-three arteriograms were carefully selected from among 9,160 consecutive studies for their smooth lumen borders indicating freedom from atherosclerotic disease. Of these, 60 men and 10 women had no abnormalities of cardiac function, seven men had idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, and six men had left ventricular hypertrophy associated with significant aortic stenosis. Lumen diameter was measured at 96 points in 32 defined coronary segments or major branches. Measurements were scaled to the catheter, corrected for imaging distortion, and had a mean repeat measurement error of 0.12 mm. When sex, anatomic dominance, and branch length were accounted for, normal lumen diameter at each of the standard anatomic points could usually be specified with a population variance of +/- 0.6 mm or less (SD) and coefficient of variation of less than 0.25 (SD/mean). For example, the left main artery measured 4.5 +/- 0.5 mm, the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) 3.7 +/- 0.4...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1996·Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis·B A Bergelson, C L Tommaso
Dec 31, 1997·Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis·K HarjaiS Ramee
Nov 5, 1999·Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging : JMRI·P G DaniasW J Manning
Jul 18, 2001·Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions·I C HsiehD Wu
Oct 1, 1994·Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis·R Ilia
Jul 1, 1997·Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging : JMRI·M F MüllerP Vock
Dec 24, 1997·Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging : JMRI·A Duerinckx, D P Atkinson
May 1, 1994·Magnetic Resonance in Medicine : Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine·Jennifer KeeganD Longmore
Apr 1, 1996·Magnetic Resonance in Medicine : Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine·M B HofmanN Westerhof
Apr 1, 1997·Magnetic Resonance in Medicine : Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine·C P DavisJ F Debatin
Sep 1, 1994·International Journal of Cardiac Imaging·A C DumayJ H Reiber
Nov 29, 2012·Pediatric Cardiology·Arpan R Doshi, Linda B Pauliks
Dec 1, 2011·Pediatric Radiology·Roberto MalagòRoberto Pozzi Mucelli
Jul 8, 2010·Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA·Ersin OzturkKlaus D Hagspiel
Jan 19, 2012·Histochemistry and Cell Biology·Bianca HemmeryckxH R Lijnen
Oct 20, 2006·Annals of Biomedical Engineering·Maheshwaran K KolandavelPeter G Walker
Dec 8, 2010·Journal of Nuclear Cardiology : Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology·Patricia K NguyenJoseph C Wu
Aug 10, 2012·Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics·Tetsuya TanakaToshiyuki Otomo
Jan 1, 1996·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·A Nitenberg, I Antony
Jan 28, 2006·Journal of Biomechanics·Johannes V SoulisGeorge E Louridas
Jul 2, 2005·Medical Engineering & Physics·George D GiannoglouGeorge E Louridas
Feb 13, 2004·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·A J Lansky
Apr 13, 1995·The American Journal of Cardiology·M D Cerqueira
Nov 18, 1997·International Journal of Cardiology·J A de Oliveira
May 17, 2003·Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology·Seemantini K NadkarniAaron Fenster
Nov 25, 2000·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·D J Hildick-Smith, L M Shapiro
Dec 31, 2002·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·David J MalenkaNorthern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group
Sep 19, 2003·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·Nikolaos DagresMartin Borggrefe
Jun 17, 1998·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·A SchmermundJ A Rumberger
Jul 10, 1999·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·H SchunkertI F Palacios
Jul 8, 1999·Cardiovascular Surgery : Official Journal of the International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery·K S RammosS G Tsangaris
Dec 4, 2001·Medical Image Analysis·C ChalopinI E Magnin
May 2, 2002·Pediatrics International : Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society·Shunji KurotobiTetsuya Sano
Apr 10, 2013·Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition·Eduardo P AzevedoVijay Kumar
Aug 14, 2009·Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering·Alberto MarzoRodney Hose
Aug 11, 2011·Physics in Medicine and Biology·George S K FungBenjamin M W Tsui
Mar 9, 2002·Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography·Bin LuMatthew J Budoff


Feb 1, 1976·The American Journal of Cardiology·J E MarkisR Gorlin
Apr 15, 1990·Annals of Internal Medicine·S S KhanJ Matloff
Jan 1, 1985·Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis·J H ReiberP W Serruys
Jan 1, 1987·Blood Vessels·M Zamir, H Chee
May 28, 1987·The New England Journal of Medicine·S GlagovG J Kolettis
Oct 1, 1985·British Heart Journal·G G HartnellR B Pridie
Mar 1, 1973·The American Journal of Cardiology·P D HenryJ Ross
Jul 1, 1974·The American Journal of Cardiology·K L Gould, K Lipscomb
Mar 1, 1956·Circulation Research·G BAROLDIG SCOMAZZONI
Apr 1, 1961·Lancet·J D WOODS

Related Concepts

Cardiomyopathy, Familial Idiopathic
Cardiac Hypertrophy
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Optical Image Reconstruction
Carotid Artery Diseases
Idiopathic Dilation Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Familial
Heart Diseases

Related Feeds


Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.

Carotid Artery Diseases

Carotid artery disease is a group of pathological conditions of the carotid artery. Discover the latest research on carotid artery disease here.

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.