PMID: 2994249Aug 1, 1985Paper

Lung angiotensin converting enzyme activity in chronically hypoxic rats

Thorax
J M KayD Gauthier

Abstract

A study was carried out to test the hypothesis that the reduced lung angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity which occurs in chronic hypoxia is related to the development of pulmonary hypertension rather than to hypoxia per se. Right ventricular mean systolic pressure (Prvs, mm Hg) and ACE activity (nmol/mg protein/min) in lung tissue homogenates were measured in seven groups of four rats placed in a hypobaric chamber (380 mm Hg; 51 kPa) for two to 24 days. Identical measurements were made on 11 groups of four rats, which were placed in the chamber for 24 days and then allowed to recover in room air for one to 153 days. After two days of hypoxia the mean Prvs (25.5 (SD 3.7] and the mean lung ACE activity (56 (4.6] did not differ significantly from control values. Exposure to hypoxia for four to 24 days caused a progressive increase in mean Prvs to 44.4 (5.9) and a progressive reduction in mean lung ACE activity to 34 (4.0). During recovery lung ACE activity increased and Prvs decreased, so that normal values were achieved by 15 and 56 days respectively. Decreased lung ACE activity may be related to haemodynamic factors associated with pulmonary hypertension rather than to hypoxia.

References

May 1, 1979·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·S A StalcupR B Mellins
Sep 1, 1978·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·P J LeuenbergerG M Turino
Jul 1, 1971·Biochemical Pharmacology·D W Cushman, H S Cheung
Mar 1, 1983·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·R W Caldwell, C M Blatteis
Aug 1, 1983·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·B R Pitt, G Lister

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.