Lung subcellular fractions and surfactant lipid metabolism of rats exposed with DDT or endosulfan intratracheally

Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
S NarayanU K Misra


The effect of intratracheally administered DDT (5 mg/100 g body weight) or endosulfan (1 mg/100 g body weight) for three consecutive days has been studied on lipid metabolism of rat lung subcellular fractions. Both the insecticides did not affect the lung weight and the protein contents of microsomes, lamellar bodies and surfactant but significantly increased the phospholipid contents of microsomal and surfactant system. Most of the neutral lipid components of lung subcellular fractions were also increased by DDT or endosulfan treatments, except that of surfactant triglycerides which were decreased by DDT treatment. DDT or endosulfan both increased the incorporation of radioactive [methyl-3H]choline into microsomal phosphatidylcholine (PC) and surfactant dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) without affecting the incorporation of radioactive [methyl-14C]methionine, showing the increased synthesis of PC via CDPcholine pathway. The results presented in this communication showed that DDT and endosulfan, the two different chloroinsecticides have similar effects on microsomal lipid metabolism but produce different biochemical manifestations on the secretion of surfactant phospholipids.


Feb 27, 2009·Birth Defects Research. Part B, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology·Marilyn H Silva, Derek Gammon

Related Concepts

Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
DDT (Insecticide)
Intubation, Intratracheal
Pulmonary Surfactants
August Rats
Subcellular Fractions

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