Jan 1, 1984

Lung surfactant and fatty acid composition of lung tissue and lavage of rats fed diets containing different lipids

Lipids
S Q Alam, B S Alam

Abstract

Two nutritional models, essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency and the feeding of saturated vs unsaturated fats, were used to determine the effects of dietary lipids on the fatty acid composition of rat lung and lavage. Semipurified diets containing 7% corn oil, 7% hydrogenated coconut oil (EFA-deficient), 10% butter or 10% safflower oil were fed to dams during lactation and thereafter to their offspring for a total of 24 weeks. Lipids were extracted from the lung lavage and lung tissue and their fatty acid composition was determined. The content of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), the main surfactant in the lungs, was also determined. The results show that the levels of DPPC in the lungs of rats fed 10% butter decreased although the decrease in the EFA-deficient rats was greater. Comparing rats fed butter with those fed corn oil, there were also modifications in the fatty acid composition of the total lipids and phospholipids of lung tissue and lavage as well as in phosphatidyl-choline, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol + phosphatidylserine fractions isolated from the lung tissue. The changes in fatty acid composition were somewhat fewer in rats fed butter then in those fed an EFA-deficient diet. The resul...Continue Reading

  • References13
  • Citations9

Mentioned in this Paper

Choline
Hydrogenated coconut OIL
Phosphatidylinositols
Surfactant [EPC]
Endogenous Surfactants
Lung
Phosphatidylserines
Rat Lung
August Rats
Pulmonary Surfactants

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.