Jan 1, 1984

Lung surfactant and fatty acid composition of lung tissue and lavage of rats fed diets containing different lipids

S Q Alam, B S Alam


Two nutritional models, essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency and the feeding of saturated vs unsaturated fats, were used to determine the effects of dietary lipids on the fatty acid composition of rat lung and lavage. Semipurified diets containing 7% corn oil, 7% hydrogenated coconut oil (EFA-deficient), 10% butter or 10% safflower oil were fed to dams during lactation and thereafter to their offspring for a total of 24 weeks. Lipids were extracted from the lung lavage and lung tissue and their fatty acid composition was determined. The content of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), the main surfactant in the lungs, was also determined. The results show that the levels of DPPC in the lungs of rats fed 10% butter decreased although the decrease in the EFA-deficient rats was greater. Comparing rats fed butter with those fed corn oil, there were also modifications in the fatty acid composition of the total lipids and phospholipids of lung tissue and lavage as well as in phosphatidyl-choline, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol + phosphatidylserine fractions isolated from the lung tissue. The changes in fatty acid composition were somewhat fewer in rats fed butter then in those fed an EFA-deficient diet. The resul...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Hydrogenated coconut OIL
Surfactant [EPC]
Endogenous Surfactants
Rat Lung
August Rats
Pulmonary Surfactants

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