PMID: 3486815Apr 1, 1986

Lymphocyte-induced macrophage cytotoxicity. III. Induction of specific macrophage cytotoxicity is independent of lipopolysaccharide

R A De WegerW Den Otter


The induction of specific macrophage cytotoxicity by allo-sensitized T cells in vitro is shown to be independent of the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). This contrasts with the induction of macrophage cytotoxicity by Macrophage Activating Factor (MAF). The specific macrophage cytotoxicity could be induced in LPS-free medium (less than l ng/ml). Addition of LPS to the macrophages did not increase the cytotoxicity. Addition of LPS-binding polymyxin B to the macrophages before and during the induction of cytotoxicity did not reduce the specific macrophage cytotoxicity. Macrophages obtained from the LPS-unresponsive mouse strain C3H/HeJ were rendered cytotoxic by the allo-sensitized lymphocytes to the same extent as the macrophages from LPS-responsive C3HeB/Fe and C57BL mice. This indicates that the induction of macrophage cytotoxicity by MAF is different from the induction of specific macrophage cytotoxicity by Specific Macrophage Arming Factor (SMAF).


Jan 1, 1989·Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy : CII·R A De WegerW Den Otter

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