PMID: 37619Jun 1, 1979

Lymphocyte traffic within the bone marrow and selective retention of alloreactive cells

Transplantation
G H Rannie, E B Bell

Abstract

Earlier studies showed that large numbers of isotopically labelled thoracic duct lymphocytes (TDLs) enter the bone marrow (BM) within hours of injection but depart equally as rapidly by 12 to 24 hr. The significance of this rapid flux was investigated further. Early (1/2 to 2 hr) after the i.v. injection of TDLs, BM was shown to contain T cells capable of initiating a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction in F1 hybrids and in other experiments memory cells against human serum albumin (HSA). Both GVH and memory cell activity had markedly declined in the BM by 12 hr. In contrast to the rapid departure of TDLs from syngeneic BM, F1 hybrid BM retained parental lymphocytes with GVH activity for alloantigens of the opposite parent. F1 hybrid BM under these circumstances supported the transformation and proliferation of lymphocytes activated in situ by alloantigens. These selectively retained T cells also reacted to third-party alloantigens. In addition, TDLs with memory for HSA were retained in the BM of F1 hybrids. The BM is a site in which alloreactive immune responses may be initiated or sustained.

Related Concepts

Marrow
Cell Motility
Erythrocytes
Graft Vs Host Reaction
Hybridization, Intraspecies
Natural Immunosuppression
Alloantigens
Lymphocyte Activation
Lymphoid Cells
Dall Sheep

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