Mar 16, 1976

Lysis of yeast cell walls. Lytic beta-(1 leads to 3)-glucanases from Bacillus circulans WL-12

European Journal of Biochemistry
F M Rombouts, H J PHAFF


Bacillus circulans WL-12 when grown in a mineral medium with yeast cell walls or yeast glucan as the soli carbon source, produced five beta-glucanases. Two beta-(1 leads to 3)-glucanases (I and II), which are lytic to yeast cell walls, were isolated from the culture liquid by batch adsorption on yeast glucan, and separated by chromatography on hydroxylapatite. Lytic beta-(1 leads to 3)-glucanase I was further purified by carboxymethylcellulose chromatography. The specific activity of lytic beta-(1 leads to 3)-glucanase I on laminarin was 4.1 U per mg of protein. The enzyme moved as a single protein with a molecular weight of 40000 during sodium dodecylsulfate electrophoresis in slab gels. It was specific for the beta-(1 leads to 3)-glucosidic bond but the enzyme did not hydrolyze laminaribiose. Hydrolysis of laminarin went through a series of oligosaccharides, and laminaribiose and glucose accumulated till the end of the reaction. A small amount of gentibiose was also produced from laminarin. Products from yeast cell walls and yeast glucan included laminaripentaose, laminaritriose, laminaribiose, glucose and gentiobiose, but no laminaritetraose was detected. This glucanase has an optimum pH of 5.5.

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Structure-Activity Relationship
Cell Wall
Carboxymethylcellulose Chromatography
Bacillus circulans

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