Jan 1, 1975

Lysosomal enzyme secretion from human neutrophils mediated by cyclic CMP: inhibition of cyclic GMP accumulation and neutrophil function by glucocorticosteroids

Journal of Cyclic Nucleotide Research
L J Ignarro, S Y Cech

Abstract

The effects of several glucocorticosteroids on cyclic GMP accumulation, guanylate cyclase activity, calcium influx, lysosomal enzyme secretion, and phagocytosis were studied in human neutrophils. Contact between neutrophils and serum-treated zymosan particles, in the presence of calcium at pH 7.4, triggered these cellular events within five minutes. Each of these neutrophil functions was markedly inhibited by methylprednisolone sodium succinate, triamcinolone acetonide hemisuccinate and paramethasone acetate but was unaffected by two mineralo-corticosteroids. Human neutrophil soluble guanylate cyclase activity was not changed by the glucocorticoids. Inhibition of phagocytosis by, and lysosomal enzyme secretion from, neutrophils by glucocorticosteroids may be the result of a reduction in cyclic GMP accumulation within these cells. The data suggest that glucocorticosteroids inhibit cyclic GMP accumulation in neutrophils by reducing the influx of extracellular calcium into the cells, thereby limiting the availability of intracellular calcium for metabolic processes associated with the accumulation of cyclic GMP.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Paramethasone acetate
Neutrophil Band Cells
Kenalog
Glucocorticoid inhalants for obstructive airway disease
Predonine
Extracellular
Calcium
Cyclic GMP Measurement (Lab Test)
Protoplasm

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.